Ancient Sumer – Food Habits

Sumerians had been the first culture to quit looking and gathering food items and commence cultivation. Like lots of other innovations that Sumerian culture gave to the world, they also contributed in farming and food items. Sumerian food items consisted mostly of barley.

The raw substance of most of Sumerian food items was barley, barley cakes and barley paste had been accompaniments of all important foods. Wheat and millet had been other raw supplies used in Sumerian food items. Farming yielded vegetables and fruits, chickpeas, lentils, beans, onion, garlic, leeks, cucumbers, cress, mustard and new eco-friendly lettuce was all element of the early Sumerian food items. Sumerians had been the first culture to settle down and go away the previously nomad life style. With settlement they started domesticating animals for food items and labor. Goat’s milk and meat, eggs, pig wild fowl, deer and venison had been an integral element of the Sumerian’s food items as very well.

Everyday Sumerian food items was probably barley cakes with onions and beans washed down with barley ale. Fish that swarmed in the rivers of Mesopotamia had been a important food items source also. More than fifty different forms of fish are described in the early texts dating ahead of 2300 BC and the fried fish suppliers had a flourishing trade in the town of Ur. Meals stalls also offered onions, cucumbers, freshly grilled goat, mutton and pork. Meat was a lot more well-liked and common in major towns as in comparison to sparsely populated cities as they would spoil in the heat. Cattle had been only slaughtered for intake when they had been virtually at the stop of their working lives.

Information about Sumerian food items can be gathered from archaeology and prepared documents on cuneiform tablets. These sources also indicated the significance of barley and wheat cakes as the staple diet plan jointly with grain and legume soups, onion, leeks, garlic and melon. Moreover farmed vegetables, Sumerian food items also provided fruits. These had been apples, fig and grapes. Quite a few culinary herbs and honey and cheese, butter and vegetable oil have also been described in later on Sumerian food items documents. Sumerians drank beer frequently and in some cases wine also. Preservation of foodstuff had also been developed with meats becoming salted and fruits conserved in honey. A variety of other fruits which includes apples had been dried to preserve them and a fermented lead to is also described in the Akkadian texts.

Rice and corn was unknown in ancient Mesopotamia, thus barley and its flour was the staple Sumerian food items. Their bread was coarse, flat and unleavened, nevertheless an high-priced variation was made out of finer flour. Pieces of this bread had been found in the tomb of Queen Puabi of Ur, still left there for sustenance in afterlife. Breads had been increased with butter, milk and cheese, sesame seeds and even fruits and their juices. Later on documents display truffles becoming made as very well. With the introduction of irrigation canals lush fruit and vegetable farms with fruits like mulberries, pears, plum, cherries and pomegranates had been found in abundance. The most critical food items crop in southern Mesopotamia was the day palm. Goats, cows and ewe had been domesticated for milk geese and ducks for eggs and some fifty versions of fish had been a staple Sumerian food items. Meats had been cooked by roasting, boiling, barbecuing or broiling and preserved by drying, smoking cigarettes or salting. 

Resource by Christopher Schwebius

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